Kobe earthquake 1 (1995)


Collapsed viaduct of the Hanshin Expressway. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (2), BWG 1995

Detail of a collapsed pier on the Hanshin Expressway. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (7), BWG 1995

This tank has become lop-sided. The cause was identified as the liquefaction of deposited sandy soil. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (10), BWG 1995

Permanent subsidence of a vertical tank. Thanks to the use of a flexible connection, the pipe has not broken. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (4), BWG 1995

Permanent subsidence and horizontal displacement of the pier due to soil liquefaction. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (9), BWG 1995

Permanent subsidence and horizontal displacement of the pier due to soil liquefaction. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (5), BWG 1995

Permanent subsidence and horizontal displacement of the pier due to soil liquefaction. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (6), BWG 1995

Permanent subsidence and horizontal displacement of the pier due to soil liquefaction. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (8), BWG 1995

Collapsed retaining wall. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (20), BWG 1995

Collapsed retaining wall. Picture: Kobe earthquake, Hanshin (21), BWG 1995


The Great Hansin earthquake occured in Kobe, Japan, on 17 January 1995. The earth shook for around 20 seconds and the tremors reached a level of 7.3 on the Japanese JMA magnitude scale. The earthquake claimed the lives of 6,434 people and reduced over 100,000 buildings to rubble. A five-kilometre stretch of the Hanshin motorway viaduct also collapsed.

 

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